that's a lot of information @sandungas . u probably know more about rcomage than I do. in other news, I just found two or three more NAND backups for my wii on my old computer (the one that's like 12-14 years old). I now have one for 3.2 and one for 4.1 along with their keys. I've been backing up everything for all systems ever since my 360's hdd failed.